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The Big Five Personality Traits of Psychologically Healthy People

Updated: Dec 1, 2022

Explore the five character traits that signal you are physiologically healthy.

What are the top personality traits that relate to psychological health?

  1. Openness

  2. Conscientiousness

  3. Extroversion

  4. Agreeableness

  5. Neuroticism

How can understanding these Big Five traits help us achieve better mental health and happiness? Wiebke Bleidorn, Christopher Hopwood, Robert Ackerman, Edward Witt, Christian Kandler, Rainer Riemann, Douglas Samuel, and Brent Donnellan in a 2020 issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, addressed this concept in their research exploring the Big Five personality traits that would signal peak psychological health.

In their paper, they discussed how openness, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and neuroticism all play a role in achieving peak mental health.

What is the Definition of Openness?

"Open people are receptive to new ideas and experiences, have a greater awareness of their inner feelings, have higher levels of curiosity, and enjoy being surprised."

People who exhibit high levels of openness are receptive to new ideas and experiences, have:

  • Greater awareness of their inner feelings

  • Higher levels of curiosity

  • Enjoy being surprised

On the contrary, people with low levels of openness prefer familiar routines, people, and ideas and could be classified as closed-minded.

What is the Definition of Conscientiousness?

"Conscientious people exhibit more self-control, self-regulation, impulse control, diligence, responsibility, and reliability."

Conscientious people are characterized as:

  • Responsible

  • Organized

  • Hard-working

  • Goal-directed

  • Adhere to norms and rules

Conscientious people exhibit more:

  • Self-control

  • Self-regulation

  • Impulse control

  • Diligence

  • Responsibility

  • Reliability

Conscientiousness is generally the key to success in personal and professional relationships and is a primary predictor of health, well-being, and longevity.

What is the Definition of Extraversion?

" Extroverts are considered outgoing, high-energy, and verbose."

Extroverts are characterized as:

  • Outgoing

  • Flamboyant

  • Energetic

  • Verbose

  • Active

  • Engaged

This personality type draws energy from positive interactions with others. The opposite of an extrovert is an introvert. Introverts usually are considered shy and prefer to be alone.

What is the Definition of Agreeableness?

"Agreeable people are characterized as more cooperative, polite, kind, trusting, affectionate, and friendly."

Agreeable people are generally:

  • Cooperative

  • Polite

  • Kind

  • Trusting

  • Affectionate

  • Friendly.

People high in agreeableness are more trusting, affectionate and display more prosocial behaviors than others. They are deeply concerned about the welfare of others.

What is the Definition of Neuroticism?

"Neurotic people exhibit more anxiety, depression, self-doubt, fear, and other negative feelings."

Neuroticism is behavior fostered from:

  • Anxiety

  • Depression

  • Self-doubt

  • Fear

  • Other negative feelings

People with this condition are more likely to have mood disorders, poor self-esteem, and relationships.

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Bleidorn, W., Hopwood, C. J., Ackerman, R. A., Witt, E. A., Kandler, C., Riemann, R., Samuel, D. B., & Donnellan, M. B. (2020). The healthy personality from a basic trait perspective. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 118(6), 1207–1225.


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